For years, Arthritis has been acknowledged as a part of your ageing process. But not anymore. Current analysis has revealed that older people don’t have to suffer from arthritic pain. And, surprisingly, people much younger than 65 can also develop this issue.  It refers to issues and obstructions related to joint pains. Signs and symptoms generally involve joint pain and stiffness, severe redness, fever, swelling, and reduced range of motion of your tender joints. In some stages of arthritis, some of the organs can also get affected. The wear & tear takes place when your joints are overused. There are over several categories of arthritis, which establish the most common recurring ailments and troubles.

We have narrowed down the most common ones below :

 

Osteoarthritis

Introduction It is the most prevalent form of Arthritis that has affected a lot of people worldwide.  It occurs when the cartilage protecting the end of your bones starts dwindling over the time. Osteoarthritis can harm any joint, but again the dysfunction affects joints in your hands, knees, hips, and spine most of the time.
Symptoms

 

Osteoarthritis symptoms take form quite slowly but worsen over time. The signs and indication mostly encompass:

1. Pain during or after movement.
2. Stiffness might be most noticeable.
3. Tenderness when you apply pressure to or near it.
4. Loss of flexibility.
5. Grating sensation when you use the joint, and you might hear popping or crackling.
Treatment

You can’t reverse osteoarthritis, but therapy can reduce pain and help you feel better.

1. Medications such as acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Duloxetine (Cymbalta) may help to relieve vital signs of osteoarthritis.
2. Physical therapies can show you workouts to help improve your joint muscles, build strength and reduce swelling.
3. Occupational therapies can help you figure ways to carry out everyday tasks without straining your already painful articulation.
4. You may want to consider Surgeries like Lubrication injections, Realigning joints, Joint repair, or Cortisone injections into consideration if precautionary therapies do not benefit.

 

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Introduction This problem originally grips your hands and feet first and then targets the other joints in the body. This is an autoimmune disease that is long-term, gradual and disabled. It produces swelling, redness, and distress in and around the joints and other body organs.
Symptoms The symptoms encompass joint deformity, fever, weight loss, loss of balance, symmetrical joint involvement, stiffness in more than one joint, and unsteadiness when walking. These symptoms tend to come and go. They may vanish or maybe mild during remission, but they can be very serious during an outbreak.
Treatment

Choices include medication therapies, physical healing, occupational cure, counseling, and surgical procedures:

1. Medications such as non-steroids and Corticosteroids can be used to alleviate symptoms and slow the development of the disorder.
2. Occupational therapy helps people learn new and effective ways to do daily tasks. This can reduce the pressure on sore joints.
3. A doctor may recommend surgery like arthroplasty, tendon repair, synovectomy, or arthrosis if medications or physical therapy are not helping.
4. Home treatment strategies can aid a person in managing RA – rest, training, balanced diet, massage, acupuncture, osteopathy, or electrotherapeutics.

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Juvenile Arthritis

Introduction Among children aged 16 or younger, juvenile arthritis is a disorder in which synovium swelling occurs. Researchers believe that genes, other diseases, and environmental triggers may be associated with juvenile arthritis.
Symptoms The symptoms of juvenile arthritis may include joint rigidity, pain, swelling as well as sensitivity in the joints, limping, fatigue, fever, and eye redness.
Treatment Juvenile arthritis treatment specifically includes exercise and medication. The courses for treatment are also dependent on the severity of juvenile arthritis. The medications encompass Slow-acting anti-rheumatic drugs, Corticosteroids, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and Antimetabolites.

 

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Spondyloarthropathy

Introduction Spondyloarthropathy is arthritis in which the vertebral and surrounding articulations are usually hit. It can cause discomfort and hurt joints such as the spine, shoulders, and hips occasionally. These include ankylosing, reactive arthritis, arthritis psoriasis, and articular problems associated with inflammatory intestinal conditions. It can be hereditary in some cases. It means that if your parents or someone else has it in your family it is more likely to get it. Men are 3 times more prone to such kind than women.
Symptoms You can come across pain and swelling in the hips, knees, heels, or big toes and later progress to the spine. There can be fever, weight loss, skin rash, and inflammation depending upon the kind of Spondylarthritis you have been diagnosed with.
Treatment Non-steroid anti-inflammatory medicines are commonly used in spondyloarthropathy pain and inflammation. Spondylarthritis is mild in most cases and cannot be diagnosed for many years. This approach focuses on pain, rigidity relief, good posture, and relaxation to avoid hardness and distortion.

 

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Gout Arthritis

Introduction Arthritis characterized by extreme joint pain, redness, and irritation. The joint on the big toe is generally affected. This occurs in certain people with high uric acid levels in the blood.
Symptoms In most instances, the signs and symptoms of gout happen suddenly, mostly at night. Intense joint pain, lingering discomfort, swelling and redness, and reduced movement range are some of the symptoms. You cannot normally move your joints as gout progresses.
Treatment Medications may be used to treat symptoms of a gout attack, avoid flare-ups in the future and reduce the likelihood of complications of gout. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, colchicine or corticosteroids are typically utilized.

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Systemic lupus erythematosus

Introduction It is an autoimmune disease, also known as lupus, in which the body’s immune system attacks tissues in many parts of the body by mistaken means. Lupus can affect your joints, your body, your liver, your blood cells, your brain, your heart, and your lung.
Symptoms Symptoms incorporate fatigue, pain in the articulations, rash and fever. Things can flare up and change occasionally.
Treatment Current treatments improve life quality by monitoring symptoms and eliminating inflammations. It starts with lifestyle changes and dietary modifications. Several therapies include anti-inflammatory medications and steroids.

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Reactive Arthritis

Introduction This type is caused by an infection in different parts of the body. Usually, your knees and your ankles and feet are targeted. Inflammation can also affect your skin, eyes, and urethra.
Symptoms

In general, reactive arthritis signs and symptoms start around 1-4 weeks after exposure. 

These might include:
1. Pain and stiffness in your knees, ankles, and feet.
2.  Eye inflammation (conjunctivitis).
3.  Urinary problems
4. Inflammation of soft tissue where it enters the bone
5. Swollen toes or fingers
6. Skin problems including a rash on your soles, palms and mouth sores.
7. Low back pain at night or in the morning.
Treatment Medications such as Corticosteroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Topical steroids for skin rashes, and Rheumatoid arthritis drugs may help to relieve vital signs of reactive arthritis. Physical therapies can teach you workouts to help repair your joint muscles, develop strength and overcome swelling.

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Psoriatic arthritis

Introduction A form of arthritis which affects certain people with psoriasis problem of your skin.
Symptoms Symptoms include joint pain, rigidity, and swelling that can flicker and reduce. Many people with this condition suffer from stiffness issues in the morning. A significant degree of arthritis may be present even in mild skin psoriasis.
Treatment Medications to reduce inflammation, stereotypes, and joint substitution surgery may very well be part of treatment.
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Multiple Joint Pains

Introduction Joint pain is highly prevalent. Approximately one-third of adults report joint pain every second day. Your body, from your ankles and feet to your shoulders and arms, can have joint pain.  As you get older, sore joints become more frequent.
Symptoms It may go off after a few (acute) days, or last many (chronic) weeks and months. Your quality of life may be impaired by short pain and swelling in the joint.
Treatment A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine like aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen sodium could provide relief for moderate-to-strong joint pain with swelling. Particularly great for the alleviation of pain is a new generation of Cox-2 (celecoxib) NSAIDs.

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