PCOD or PCOS, what’s the difference?
PCOD is a poly cystic ovarian disorder acronym and PCOS is a poly cystic ovary syndrome acronym. PCOD means that your ovaries are reeling under pressure, feeling the brunt of the uneasiness in your body and generally not able to function properly at its normal peak efficiency. PCOS, on the other hand, indicates that these disturbances are not only disturbing your ovaries but also the other parts of your body as well. The condition is prevalent among women of reproductive age who tend to develop excess male hormones in their body.
SYMPTOMS of PCOS
Some females begin to experience symptoms around the first time. Others just find PCOS after gaining a lot of weight or having problems getting pregnant. The menstrual cycle can be disrupted by PCOS, which leads to fewer periods. Other PCOS symptoms of the disorder are acne, hair progression, weight gain and dark skin patches. The most frequent symptoms of PCOS are:
- Irregular periods – Failure to ovulate prevents every month of uterine lining dissipation. Some female PCOS patients get less than 8 periods a year.
- Heavy bleeding – The lining of your uterus is built for a longer time, so you can get longer than usual periods.
Unwanted hair growth – More than 70% of females with this disorder have hair on their faces, bodies, back, stomach and chest. This growth of excess hair is known as hirsutism.
- Head pains – In some females, hormone modifications can cause headaches.
Acne – Excessive male hormones can make the skin oily and cause breakups in areas such as the face, chest, and upper back.
- Weight gain – almost 80% of the women who are diagnosed with PCOD have weight troubles.
Skin pigmentation – The body can form dark patches of skin like the ones on your neck, in your groin and under your breasts.
- Male pattern baldness – Hair on the scalp gets more fragile and ultimately falls out.
CAUSES of PCOS
Doctors have still not been able to diagnose accurately as to what causes PCOS precisely. They think that elevated concentrations of male hormones in a female’s body discourage the female hormones and normal egg production in the ovaries. The excessive production of androgen (male hormone) can be due to genes, insulin resistance and inflammation.
Genes – you are more prone to get PCOD if this disorder runs in the family. Many studies reveal that this disorder runs in the genes.
Insulin resistance – many women who have PCOD/PCOS, have insulin resistance. This happens when your cells cannot produce insulin properly. If cells can not correctly use insulin, the body needs more insulin. The pancreas produces more insulin to make up. Ovaries are triggered with extra insulin to generate more male hormones.
Inflammation – Women with PCOS often experience enhanced inflammatory responses in their bodies. Excess weight can also enable inflammatory impacts.
DIAGNOSIS of PCOS
Doctors can thoroughly diagnose PCOS in women who have at least two of these three symptoms, namely, cysts in their ovaries, irregular period cycle and high androgen levels. A discussion of your health history, including menstrual periods and weight changes, can commence with your doctor. A physical test involves inspections of signs of excess hair development, resistance to insulin and acne.
Your doctor may then advise:
- Pelvic exam – The doctor inspects mass, growth, or other abnormalities visually and manually of your reproductive organs.
- Blood tests – Your blood can be tested for hormone-level measurements. This test may exclude potential causes of menstrual defects or the excess of androgen that simulate PCOS. You may need further blood tests to evaluate glucose tolerance and fasting concentrations of cholesterol and triglycerides.
- Ultrasound – The appearance of your ovaries and the thickening of your cervix are checked by your doctor. In your vagina (transvaginal ultrasound), a wand-like instrument is put. The transducer emits waves of sounds which are translated on a computer screen into pictures.
- Your physician may suggest extra tests for complications if you have a PCOS diagnosis. These may include: regular blood pressure, glucose tolerance and cholesterol and triglyceride levels screening for depression and anxiety.
KINDS of PCOS
There are four kinds of PCOS:
- PCOS resistant to insulin – This is the most desirable PCOS form. Smoking, sugar, pollution and trans-fat are the cause of this form of PCOS. High insulin concentrations stop ovulation and cause testosterone ovaries which further gives way to PCOS issues.
- PCOS resistant to inflammatory conditions – In PCOS, ovulation is blocked as a result of inflammation, hormones are imbalanced and androgens are generated. Stress, environmental toxins, and harmful diets such as gluten are responsible for inflammation. If you have signs like headaches, skin allergies or illnesses, and blood tests show a deficiency in Vitamin D, your blood counts are not normal, your thyroid levels are increased and you might have an inflammatory PCOS.
- PCOS due to any hidden cause – It’s a simpler type of PCOS, so it requires three to four months for a resolution to be reached once the cause has been addressed. The reasons for hidden PCOS are: thyroid illness, iodine deficiency (ova need iodine), vegetarian diet and artificial sweeteners.
- PCOS induced by pills – This type is the second most common PCOS. It gets developed due to the birth control pills which suppress ovulation.
HOME REMEDIES to curb PCOS
Home Pcos treatment to help reduce the effects of PCOS, try to:
- Control weight – The loss of weight can decrease and restore insulin and androgen. Ask your doctor about a weight control program and meet a dietitian frequently to assist you to achieve objectives for weight loss.
- Limit carbohydrates – If you have PCOS, ask your doctor about your diet with low-carbohydrate. Select complex carbohydrates that boost your blood sugar more slowly. Low-fat, high-carbon diets may boost insulin.
- Be active – exercise enables to reduce the level of blood sugar. With PCOS, you can treat or discourage insulin resistance by enhancing your daily work and by engaging in periodic exercises and assist you to maintain weight controlled and stop the development of diabetes.
DIET PLANNING for PCOS
There are proof-based dietary tips that can ease symptoms and increase weight loss in women who suffer PCOS.
- pcod diet that has low GI can assist restoration, lower inflammatory markers and enhance insulin sensitivity
- A larger breakfast and smaller evening meal can help improve the level of hormones for women. This improves ovulation too.
- omega-3 fatty acids can assist lower the level of insulin and testosterone in females.
- Carb reduction will decreases the level of insulin and testosterone and increases the sensitively to insulin. It can help in weight loss as well.
FOODS to avoid in PCOS
People on the PCOS diet should prevent food that is commonly viewed as unhealthful. You should avoid the following, named defined carbohydrates, such as mass-produced pastry and white bread. You should avoid frozen foods, sugary beverages, processed meats, solid seafood fats or excess red meat.
BEST WORKOUT for PCOS
- CARDIO – This is wonderful for limiting insulin resistance, boosting fertility, and calming mood swings. Walking, jogging, biking or swimming are the most suitable exercises to begin with.
- STRENGTH TRAINING – Exercises like squats, push-ups or triceps dips can enhance the insulin function and increase your metabolism.
- HIGH-INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING – This is an efficient way to boost cardiovascular fitness with additional PCOS benefits.
CORE STRENGTH – these activities and exercises are good for general wellness and to prepare your body for pregnancy.
TREATMENT for PCOS
You and your physician should talk about your objectives so that a pcos treatment plan can be created.
- Eat good food and practice regular exercise.
- Birth control pills for females who do not want to be pregnant. This reduces acne and hair problem too.
- Just taking a hormone called progestin may assist you to keep track of your periods.
- Laser therapies can be adopted to get rid of unwanted facial or body hair.
- Clomiphene and letrozole medicines encourage ovulation-induced measures.
DO’s of PCOS
- Exercise will help a lot.
- You need an adequate amount of sleep.
- Take medicines on time.
- Keep track of your periods.
- Maintain proper body balance.
DON’Ts of PCOS
- Avoid drinking and smoking
- Try not to skip meals
- Avoid high sugary foods
- Do not skip doctor sessions
- Do not ignore signs of depression
PCOD is one of the difficult disorders that can influence you in many ways if you’re not careful enough, but it should not stress you because it’s much easier to get out of it without causing complications if you are treated with discipline with a good manner of life.