Back Or Spine Surgery is a procedure that aims to transmute a patient’s anatomy, such as abstracting a ruptured disc that is causing pain.
Conditions that can cause pain include bulging or herniated discs (ruptured disc), vertebral fractures, bone spurs and narrowing of the spinal canal. If any of these conditions involve the compression of the spinal cord or nerve roots, pain may manifest at the site of compression.
Radiating pain, tingling, cramping, weakness, and numbness may additionally affect the extremities.
These symptoms can be treated through nonsurgical or surgical treatments.
What Are the Benefits Of Spine Surgery?
These are the changes you will notice after having a Spine/Back surgery :
- Your Mood Improves.
- You Don’t Need To Take As Much Pain Medicine.
- You Can Move Around Better.
- You Are More Physically Fit.
- You Are More Productive At Work.
- You Can Go Back To Work.
- Spine Surgery Risks in Bangalore
As we all know “nothing is perfect in the world, everything has its pro and cons” so does the Spine Surgery
After going through a Spine/Back Surgery you might face:
- Blood Clots
- Heart Attack
- Nerve Damage
Types of Spine Surgery
- Discectomy – Discectomy is the surgical process in which herniated part or all of a vertebral disc is removed.
- Percutaneous – In this procedure access to inner organs or other tissue is done with needle-puncture of the skin, rather than using an open approach where inner organs and tissues are exposed
- Microsurgical – Under this process, a tumor or tangled blood vessels in the spinal cord is removed using microscope, the procedure is called Microsurgical Spinal Cord Tumor Resection.
- Laminectomy – Laminectomy is the process in which the doctors remove the back part of the bone over the spinal column called the lamina. This method is performed to assuage nerve root compression on one or more nerve roots in the spinal column. The compressed nerve root often causes back and leg pain. A segment of the entire lamina can be abstracted to mitigate pressure on a nerve.
- Spinal Fusion – This is the most prevalent surgery for chronic nonspecific back pain with degenerative changes. Under this process doctor will join spinal bones, called vertebrae, together. This limits the motion between them (spinal bones) and how far your nerves can stretch. But it probably wonít limit your activity.
- Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty – The procedures are used to treat painful vertebral compression fractures in the spinal column performed through a hollow needle that is passed through the pores and skin of your back into the fractured vertebra. During vertebroplasty bone cement is injected through the hollow needle into the broken bone. A balloon is first inserted and inflated to expand the flat vertebra to its actual size just before filling the space with bone cement during Kyphoplasty. The strengthened vertebra sanctions you to stand straight reduces your pain and prevents any further fracture.
Bangalore is a leading healthcare hub in India with more that 40,000 foreign patients visiting the city seeking medical help. The city has got some of the top hospitals in the country with sate-of-art facilities. A spine surgery would cost Rs 50,000 to Rs 2 lakhs in Bangalore. Top spine surgery hospitals of the city with address and approximate cost for the surgery have been listed below:
|Hospital Name||Hospial Locations in Bangalore||Surgery Cost|
|BGS Global Hospital||Kengeri / Richmond Circle||Rs.1,70,000|
|Manipal Hospitals||HAL Airport road||—|
|Phoenix Hospital||HSR Layout||Rs. 1,40,000|
|People Tree Hospitals||Yeshwantpur / Yelahanka / Jallahalli, Hanumannagar||Rs. 1,35,000|
|Columbia Asia||Whitefield / Hebbal||Rs. 1,60,000|
|Sujatha Hospital||Indiranagar / Shivajinagar||Rs. 1,90,000|
|Apollo Spectra||Kormangala||Rs. 1,70,000|
Spine Surgery Treatment & Care
The whole process can be divided into the following three parts:
- Pre-Procedure: The surgeon would as the patient to stop taking certain medications and fast the entire night before the procedure. No food or drinks are allowed for 12 hours before the surgery. Vitals stats are measured by the nursing staff before the surgery as well. All the latest medical reports should be brought to the center by the patient to be examined by the surgeon.
- Procedure Day: After providing anesthesia to the patient air passage is the most crucial element of the surgery as the respiratory system is usually impaired in patients suffering from spine problems. Bronchodilators are the medicines used to widen the air passage of the patient to be operated on. Oxygenation is also preferred prior to anesthesia and the anesthetic state is maintained with the help of nitrous oxide and oxygen.
- Post Procedure: A patient is immediately taken to a surgical intensive care unit post the procedure and given pain relief medication with an I/V line. A brace is also provided to the patient following the surgery to stabilize the spine after surgery. Simple bland diet is given a physiotherapy sessions are scheduled to speed up the recovery process.
Spine Surgery Recovery
The patient is kept in the hospital for at least 2 days after the surgery; the bandages usually fall of within 7-10 days of the procedure. It usually takes 4-6 weeks for a patient to fully recover from a spine surgery, but it can take up to 6 month for the backbone to fully heal. Even after going the physiotherapy continues. The more a patient walks, the faster he will heal. A patient should avoid sitting comfortable, soft chairs and maintain good posture keeping the back straight. Most patients join back work 3 weeks after the surgery but should continue pain relief medication for at least 3-6 months after the surgery.
Life After Spine Surgery
Spine Surgery patients show good results and return back to normal life within a few weeks. It is important for the patient to move around following the surgery to get the muscles moving and working properly. However, the spine condition might have made patient less active over the years and might take time for him/her to be fully proactive again. In rare cases there can be complications like nerve root damage, cerebrospinal fluid leak or post operative instability of the operated level.