PET- Positron Emission Tomography Scan is a form of imaging diagnosis or test that allows the physician to check for diseases in a human body. The scan uses special radioactive material that is injected into the veins of the patient along with glucose. The organs absorb these radioactive glucose traces and under the PET scanner, the physician can look for how well the organs and tissues working. The PET CT also helps the doctor measure the blood flow, oxygen use and how your body uses sugar.
PET/CT scan is usually useful and is commonly used to detect cancer, heart problems, brain disorders and problems with the central nervous system.
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Role of PET CT scans in Cancer Diagnosis
Cancer is a life threatening disease. It usually occurs when the cells in the human body grow chaotically. A human body is healthy and functions properly when cells grow, divide and produce more cells as and when necessary. There are instances when the cells keep growing and diving even when it is not needed. The mass of these extra cells forms a growth or a tumor. These can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors are usually not life threatening. They can be removed and in most cases, they don’t return. But malignant tumors are cancerous and life threatening. These cells divide abnormally and without control. They also break away from the current place and spread to the other parts of the body.
PET CT Scanners were introduced commercially in 2002. The usefulness of this scanning machine has been published in many articles across the web. PET CT scan helps the doctors to detect cancer. The radioactive glucose that enters the veins of the body helps the doctors to effectively point out the source of cancer and whether the cancer is isolated to one particular area or has spread to other organs. It has been helpful in managing a wide variety of cancers, especially the solid tumors. PET CT scan also helps the doctors to determine the size of the tumor. Post detection, it is helpful to select the treatments that are appropriate for the patients, monitor whether the treatment is working or not and detect if the cancer has returned.
Follow up PET-CT scans after having completed cancer treatments and in absence of symptoms adds to the stress level as a cancer survivor. During follow up scans, these tests may find health problems that are not serious. This may lead to more tests and procedures, effecting hard on your body and pockets.
PET CT Scan procedure
The combination of positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) into one single machine is an advanced nuclear imaging technique. This test provides information about the functioning of the cells and tissues in the human body. The patient will be asked to fast a few hours (6 hours approx) before the scan. During this scan, the patient is injected with a solution which is a mixture of glucose and radioactive materials in the veins. The organs and tissues to be examined absorb this solution.
The PET CT scanner is an “O” shaped machine, similar to a tunnel. The patient needs to rest over a table and slide into the scanner. The cancerous cells usually use more glucose than the normal cells. Hence they get highlighted under the PET CT scanner. The doctors then can see the highlighted damaged or cancerous cells and determine the size and grade of the tumor. This is a painless procedure and the time varies depending on the part of the body that is being diagnosed. The patient usually spends two to three hours at the imaging center including the 60 minutes resting time before the scan and the actual scan takes around 20 – 90 minutes. The images are captured during a single session and with a high level of accuracy.
Post this scan the doctors can usually decide on the appropriate treatment to be advised. The doctor may advise for a more number of sessions to have a check on how the patient is responding to the treatment and whether the treatment is working or not. Depending on the symptoms the scan may be repeated post treatment as well.
Risks & Benefits
PET CT scans have its list of benefits and risks. Let us have a look at the benefits first,
- Helps detect and diagnose life threatening diseases like cancer, heart problems, brain disorders and problems associated with central nervous system.
- In case of cancer, it helps locate the cancer, whether it is static or spread to the other organs.
- Helps the doctor differentiate between benign and malignant tumors.
- Helps determine an appropriate treatment, and can check whether the patient is responding to the treatment.
- Post treatment, depending upon the symptoms, usually helps to find if the cancer has returned.
PET CT scan uses radioactive material, but there is minimal exposure to harmful radiations. This scan is associated with few risks too, such as:
- Adds up stress and anxiety if scanned without a good reason, leading to wrong diagnosis, unnecessary added tests and false health alarms.
- Multiple PET CT scans can definitely expose a patient to high level of radiation. Repetitive scans can be taken only if needed and shows that they would help.
- PET CT scan is not advisable for pregnant ladies. It is not considered safe for developing fetus. The scan cannot be taken even if the patient is breast-feeding.
- It is also harmful for the patients with kidney disease and who have high level of creatinine in their body.
- There is a possibility that a patient can have an allergic reaction to the solution injected
- General risk includes the discomfort caused if the patient is claustrophobic
Actual cost vs Discounted Cost for PET CT Scan in Mumbai
Nuclear medicine is taking new heights for medical diagnosis, from earlier traditional scanning methods to the present day high end technological advancements in imaging radiology. The tests that come under this category are positron emission tomography (PET), structural computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It takes a lot to set up a PET-CT scan center, nearly 100 crores, including the facilities, technicians and doctors. It is a must to have an approval from the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) to run a PET CT Scan center. Presently, very few well established hospitals and diagnostic centers have this approval. There are only 21 medical cyclotrons (producer of the cancer imaging PET isotope, fludeoxyglucose (FDG) F-18) in both, the private and public sector, supplying the FDG to the 108 PET facility centers set up in the metro cities of India.
Since all this process and procedures are highly expensive, the PET CT scans also ends up to be the most expensive tests in India. PET CT Scan costs can vary depending on the hospital or the laboratory you choose to go. There are few specialist PET labs that charge lesser than the hospitals in Mumbai. The cost of full body PET CT scan for cancer in Mumbai ranges from INR 11,000 to INR 30,000. The average price is considered to be INR 20,000. Few of the well known PET scan centers in Mumbai are partnered with BookmyScans.com. Here you can definitely expect quality services and accurate results with considerable rate of discounts where you can do full body PET CT scan in Mumbai @ Just Rs.11,000/-
How to find the Quality of PET CT scan centers in Mumbai
PET CT Scan is highly technical imaging radiology test. A center having a PET CT Scanner needs an approval from the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB). This is because the radionuclides that are produced by the cyclotron have higher energy than any other materials used for other type of diagnosis. All the centers approved by AERB need to follow the regulatory requirements and take the radiation safety precautions. These centers also need to be ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and NABL (National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories) to make sure they are certified for delivering consistent level of quality services and for maintaining technical competence for testing.
With all the regulatory requirements of Radiation Safety Measures and protocols as per AERB, quality services, infection control and waste management as per ISO and NABL, it also takes the centers to have the well trained medical and technical staff. A trained and qualified Nuclear Medicine Radiologist should be well aware of basic principles of the PET CT Scan technique, radioprotection concepts, well aware of the problems that may rise due to the radioactive glucose induced to the patient and experienced in interpreting the images of PET CT scan. Apart from this, the model of the equipment used (the latest in the market is 64 Slice system) and the reports generated also decide the quality of a PET CT Scan center.
Patients can find these quality certified PET CT Scan centers in Mumbai through BookmyScans.com. They assure you the best quality service providers at a reasonable good price.
How to get appointments for PET CT scan in Mumbai?
With the current situation of cancer care in India, people face a lot of issues like economic and geographical problems. This leads to difficulty in finding a good doctor to meet the healthcare needs and get the right treatment. Cancer is considered to be one of the chronic illnesses in India and approximately one million cases occur every year. PET CT Scan is usually advised when your doctor is suspecting chronic illness like cancer, Heart or central nervous problems. The thought of such illness itself is so stressful.
For a PET CT Scan it primarily takes a doctor’s prescription. Since it’s a niche market for PET CT Scans, there are very few well known centers that carry out this test. The doctors usually have a pre-defined scan center that they advice the patients to take the test from. Else, the patients take the tests in the same hospital they have consulted in.
Apart from this, you always have a choice to go online and check for the online appointment booking portals like BookmyScans.com that help you get information on PET CT scan centers and its cost in Mumbai and help you book appointments easily with least waiting time. They are helpful in providing the information based on your needs and help in monetary savings as they offer great deals with best fit price.
Why should I book appointments online?
PET CT Scan is a procedure where the patient usually spends two to three hours at the imaging center, including the resting time before the test and the actual time taken to perform the test. If with all this the patient is required to queue up to book an appointment and then take the test, definitely one will lose his patience and undergo a lot of stress.
To avoid all this, you need to know how to utilize the web-connectivity and help get an appointment online. There are many diagnostic scan booking service providers who help you with this. One of them is BookmyScans.com. They provide you information about the high quality scan centers in your desired location with considerable discounts and price list. You can compare the price list among the scan centers and choose the best PET CT scan in Mumbai.
BookmyScans partner only with centers that are ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and NABL (National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories) Certified and approved by AERB (Atomic Energy Regulatory Board) for running the laboratory. The scan centers are periodically audited to make sure that they deliver consistent level of quality services and maintain efficient technical competence for testing. There is no fixed time slot to schedule an appointment. They are available round the clock. You can rely on BookmyScans for the best quality results. They also help you have an easy access to your reports online.
For Appointments: www.bookmyscans.com/main/static-order/pet-scans-Mumbai
Contact: 95 85 65 11 77 (or) 95 85 65 31 31