What Is A Hernia?

When part of an organ or tissue in the body pushes through an aperture or a weak point in a muscle wall, it can protrude into space where it does not belong. This protrusion is a hernia, which may look homogeneous to a bulge or lump.

what is hernia

Some babies are born with a various diminutive opening inside the body that will close at some point. Nearby tissues can compress into such opening and become hernias. Unlike hernias in adults, these areas are not always considered frailty in the muscle wall, but the area that has not yet closed.

Sometimes tissues can squeeze/compress through the muscle wall opening that is meant for arteries or other tissues. In other cases, strains or injuries generate the weak spot in the muscle wall, and part of a nearby organ can be pushed into the impuissant spot so that it bulges and becomes Hernia.

types of hernia

With different types of hernias, the patients would need a different level of medical care

In many infant hernias, the affected tissues may protrude only during moments of physical pressure. A distinguished bulge might only be conspicuous when a child is coughing, straining or crying and it may seem to retract or peregrinate away at other times. Hernias in this state are not considered harmful and are called reducible.


Hernias are caused by a coalescence of muscle impotency and strain. Depending on its cause, a hernia can develop expeditiously or over a long period of time.

What causes a hernia?

Hernias are caused by a coalescence of muscle frailty and strain. Depending on its cause, a hernia can develop swiftly over a long period of time.


Common Causes Include:

  • Coughing
  • Fluid in the abdomen
  • Damage from injury or surgery
  • Surgery in the affected region
  • Constipation

Prevalent causes of muscle impotency include:

  1. Failure of the abdominal wall to close opportunely in the womb, which is a congenital defect
  2. Age
  3. Chronic coughing
  4. Damage from injury or surgery

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Sometimes tissue can become trapped in an aperture or pouch and do not retract. These are incarcerated hernias and known as the serious/ pensive hernias requiring immediate medical attention.

Prevalent causes of muscle impotency include

Symptoms of an incarcerated hernia can include vomiting, irritability, and pain. If you touch the bulge it has created you can feel the stiffness and it may feel hard.

A medico can free the trapped tissues by gently constricting the lump and trying to coerce it back into the body opening. Because incarcerated hernias can be very painful, the medico usually provides pain medication during the procedure. Surgery is required within a few days to avoid development of another incarcerated hernia.

The strangulated hernia is considered as the most severe, in which the blood supply is cut off from the trapped tissue. Without a proper blood supply, the strangulated tissue won’t be able to get oxygen and will die. Surgery is required immediately to remove the affected tissue so that oxygen can get to it again.

The two most common types of hernias found in kids are (an inguinal hernia) in the groin area and (an umbilical hernia) in the belly-button area.

An Inguinal Hernia


An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue, such as a component of the intestine, protrudes through an impotent spot in the abdominal muscles. The resulting bulge can be gut-wrenching, especially when you bend over or lift a heavy object or when you a cough.

These type of a hernia are not necessarily dangerous. It doesn’t and cannot improve on its own and can lead to life-threatening complications. Your medico is likely to recommend surgery to fine-tune and fix an inguinal hernia that’s painful or enlarging.

An Umbilical Hernia


A hernia occurs when part of your intestine sticks out through the aperture in your abdominal muscles through which your umbilical cord passed since you were born. Umbilical hernias are very common and are harmless. They are most prevalent in infants, but it can affect adults as well. An umbilical hernia can be noticed when the infant cries, causing the bellybutton to protrude.