Around 2% of children are affected by Strabismus and even adults can also develop the disorder due to several medical conditions.
What is Strabismus or Squint Eye?
Strabismus commonly known as squint eye is a condition in which a person’s eyeballs are not aligned properly and are pointed in different directions. Most adults suffering from this condition have had the condition since childhood but some develop the condition during adulthood due to medical conditions like.
- Brain tumor
- Head Traumas
Sometimes misalignment can also occur following Squint eye Surgery if eye muscles are damaged during the surgery. This can be a cataract or a retinal surgery.
Symptoms of squints
In adults, squints may cause double vision and eye fatigue. Loss in the perception of death can occur and blurry vision is also experienced. One may also face difficulty in reading. People with squints have difficulty in maintaining eye contact with a person and usually have to tilt their head for focusing on making social situations awkward for them.
How can Strabismus be treated?
Squint eyes can be treated by Eye exercises, Prism Glasses or Eye Surgery as per the severity of the case.
The eye muscle exercises can help in treating squint eye condition in which a patient has difficulty in reading or close work like needle and thread or working with screens at close distance.
Prism eyeglasses can help treat moderate cases of double vision but cannot correct severe cases. The prism glasses can realign the double images and form a single image making it easier to see
The most severe cases can only be corrected by eye muscle surgery. In Squint Eye Surgery, the eye muscles are tightened to keep the eyeball in place, absorbable stitches are used to keep the eyeball positioned. Sometimes both eyes need to undergo surgery to make them aligned. Adjustable stitches can also be applied to be able to adjust the alignment after the surgery, in such cases the surgery is carried out in two stages. In the first stage, the eyeballs are made to come in position with the help of stitches and in the second stage, the stitches are united and done again if realignment is required. In most case realignment is not required.
A successful eye surgery can correct alignment of the eyes, treat double vision issues, reduce fatigue in eyes and expand viewing angle. Most of all it improves the social and professional life of the patient.
Risk and Side effects related to the surgery:
Vision loss is extremely rare in an eye muscle surgery, however, with all surgeries, there are risks to be considered.
- A person can experience inadequate or unsatisfactory eye alignment.
- Temporary double vision following the surgery and even long-lasting double vision in extremely rare cases.
- Temporarily reduced vision is also experienced in some cases.
- An allergic reaction to anesthesia can occur.
- If proper care is not taken, an infection can also occur.