Medical Tests Every Woman Needs
Women are mostly seen tossing and multi-tasking to secure a balance between their homely chores and their social work life. They oftentimes have a huge to-do list, having everything other than their routine health check-up on it. No doubt they are predisposed to a number of health infirmities as they grow in age.
There are a few routine screening tests which guarantee that any health issues can be diagnosed early. While not even your doctor, can tell you what you might be suffering from, there is a batch of tests that can identify some of the life-threatening diseases early. There are a few recommended routine medical screening tests for women between 30 and 70 years, considering them at an average risk for various health maladies.
A few medical tests every woman needs in her 20s, 30s, 40s, 50s, and 60s:
In your 20s & 30s :
- Pap Tests: Doctors suggest that women whose ages are between 21 to 65 get a Pap smear every three years. This test identifies irregular changes in cervical cells that might indicate early cancer.
- Depression screening: Doctors prescribed that all women adults over the age of 18, including pregnant and postpartum women should be checked for depression. Studies reveal that these routine screening led to advances in treatment and consequences for people known for having trouble.
- Dental exams: American Dental Association advises visiting your dentist at least once or twice a year to get a cleansing and an examination for oral health difficulties. But your teeth can also give signs about osteoporosis that your dentist might be the first one to recognize.
- Blood pressure screening: Guidance for blood pressure screening varies. Studies suggest women should get their blood pressure tested every three to five years starting at age 18, leading to yearly testing at the age of 40.
- Cholesterol Tests: The American Heart Association suggests getting a baseline panel at age 20, then redoing these tests every four to six years to keep the cholesterol well within control.
- Skin Tests: There are no standard instructions for skin exams. Research also concluded there wasn’t enough proof to prescribe routine visits to a dermatologist for people at common risk of skin cancer who don’t have any signs. However, the American Academy of Dermatology urges women to see a dermatologist if you notice any changes in your skin.
- HIV Test: If you’ve never been examined for HIV, now’s the time to get screened. Every woman between 15 and 65 should be screened for HIV at least once. All pregnant women should also be examined for HIV. If a mom-to-be is HIV-positive, there are therapy choices that can help make sure the virus isn’t transferred to the baby.
In your 40s :
- Mammograms: There are some contradictory views as to when women should begin getting mammograms to eliminate breast cancer doubts. There are many doctors who recommend mammograms every two years for women at average risk of breast cancer rising at age 50 and extending until age 74. The American Cancer Society states women aged 40 to 44 should be able to decide if they want to have yearly mammography screening.
- Eye Exams: It is advised to get an eye exam for women when they turn 40 to check for early signs of any vision changes. Presbyopia, or age-related farsightedness, usually start in their 40s.
- Blood glucose tests: Blood glucose tests are useful to affirm if your body is having difficulty concocting blood sugar, which can be a sign of pre-diabetes or diabetes. Screening processes incorporate a fasting plasma glucose test and an A1C test. Women who are overweight or obese should have their blood sugar levels monitored routinely.
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In your 50s :
- Hepatitis C test: Pregnant Women are at higher risk of infection with the hepatitis C virus. They should get their tests done appropriately to rule out this problem.
- Colorectal cancer screening: Doctors counsel that people at average risk for colorectal cancer start screening at age 50 and stop at age 75.
- Lung cancer screening: Screening for lung cancer with low-dose computed tomography for women between 55 to 80 who have a smoking history and currently smoke or have quit within the past years.
- Hearing Check-Up: Even though up to 40% of women over the age of 50 have some degree of hearing loss, there are no prescribed directions for routine hearing tests. If at all you suspect you aren’t hearing well, get yourself checked in that case.
In your 60s :
- Thyroid screening: Although studies do not endorse routine thyroid screening, some organizations do suggest considering it after age 60. Witnessing the current lifestyle of all the women, many doctors suggest young girls get their thyroid tested in case they face changes in their weight.
- Bone measurement test: Bone measurement tests are to detect osteoporosis. They can tell you if you are at a risk for developing a bone problem or whether you have one already. The most common is dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry or DXA, which measures the bone density effectively.